|The right to refuse military orders
|The war crimes trails held in Nuremnerg and Tokuo after the Second World War led to the confirmation of a new international law rule according to which individuals are also responsible for war crimes and crimes against peace and hunamity done in the name of their own governments. Accordingly, the fact that a subordinate anly fulfills an order of his gevernment or superior does not relieve him from individual responsibility. The Nuremberg Principles containing these rules became recognized by the international community when the United Nations General Assembly accepted them on its resolution in 1946. The refusal by some soldiers to abey illegal orders given by their superiors has had a decisive impact on the course of development in numerous countries. At the same time experiences from China to Iraq heve taught us how state and military leaders are ready to use ruthless means in order to secure compliance with orders illegal as well as legal.
|IPB, IALANA, Peace Union of Finland, Finnish Lawyers for peace and survival
|Jaar van uitgave:
|Neurenberg, Tokyo, Tweede Wereldoorlog, Conventie van Genėve, geschiedenis, Finland, Vietnam-oorlog, individuele verantwoordelijkheid, nucleaire wapens, martelen, militaire weigering, weigeren, Roemenië, Israël, the Arrowsmith case, militaire eed, geweten, humanitair recht,